Using kantianism utilitarianism and social contract theory to analyse a case of a woman saving her n

The purpose of this article is to analyze the morality of surrogate motherhood through three apparently contrasting ethical theories: kantian deontology, utilitarianism, the rawlsian theory of. Kantian and utilitarian theories kantian and utilitarian theories applying philosophical concepts to social issues can test the relevance of philosophy in contemporary society such application may also help to resolve present-day social issues, as philosophy can draw light on moral concerns. The elements of moral philosophy, by james rachels and stuart rachels, is an ethics textbook it explains a number of moral theories and topics, including cultural relativism, subjectivism, divine command theory, ethical egoism, social contract theory, utilitarianism, kantian ethics, and deontology. Without indicating whether the utilitarian he has in mind is an act or rule utilitarian even if an act utilitarian would lie under such circumstances mccloskey asks us to consider the following scenario: suppose a utilitarian were visiting an area in which there was racial strife and that deontology is a nonconsequentialist ethical theory. An ethical theory that says each person is presumed to have entered into an agreement with all others in society to obey moral rules that are necessary for people to live in peace and harmony is called social contract ethics.

using kantianism utilitarianism and social contract theory to analyse a case of a woman saving her n Start studying philosophy 1301 test 3 learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools  the modern ethical theories of utilitarianism and kantianism attempt to provide primarily a  the social contract theory holds that the power of the state is based on.

Slide 1 – introductory slide ethical theory unless extenuating circumstances that can be justified exist in the case this also means that cases with extenuating circumstances must contain a significant and vital categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues. Hare sometimes calls his theory “kantian” utilitarianism [2, pp 209 and 216])that sounds like an oxymoron, because the “categorical imperative” that immanuel kant developed seems very much at odds with utilitarianism. For kant, a model of universal agreement (adapted from social contract theory) is such a device he writes, [the original contract] is a mere idea of reason, one, however, that has indubitable (practical) reality.

According to the paper, the care ethics is seen as a feminine ethics which is related to the maternity, parental care and the relationship between a woman and her child but the care ethics is much more than concentrating just on one subject. You kant dismiss universalizability “the problem with utilitarianism is that it is not a theory, but a justification for not having a theory, and doing whatever sounds like a good idea at the time you might argue: “but if it became common knowledge that we lie to people who are already breaking the social contract, then we lose. In other words, it is unethical to abort an ectopic pregnancy (which would leave the woman able to have another child), but ethical to remove an ovary (which, in cases where a woman has one working ovary, would leave her unable to have future children.

For example, a justification for conscription based on rousseau's view of the social contract can be contrasted with locke's, who held that the whole point of the social contract was to preserve the citizens and their property. Since utilitarianism is really a form of social hedonism, it cannot be considered as a consequentialist theory of morality 35 because bentham's hedonistic calculus does not consider the pleasures or pains that other people experience as a result of a person's action, it is more egoistic than mill's version of utilitarianism. The movement of thought generally known as utilitarianism, which had its center in england from the seventeenth until well into the twentieth century, provided one of the most important frames of reference in the shaping of social science theory, including sociological theory. Enhanced pdf standard pdf (1783 kb) introduction kant's example of lying to the murderer at the door has been a cherished source of scorn for thinkers with little sympathy for kant's philosophy and a source of deep puzzlement for those more favorably inclined. In order to critically analyze whether or not it is ethical, i will look at the issue using a utilitarianism approach because in order to get a good grasp of this topic we need to look at how the decision will impact us in the future.

In its “opinion n16 on the refusal of blood transfusions by jehovah’s witnesses” the belgian advisory committee on bioethics states that if a major jehovah’s witness who is de facto and de iure of sound mind refuses a life-saving blood transfusion the physician is obliged to respect his/her wishes, even if to do so means that the. In contemporary moral philosophy, the main impartial moral theory outside the social contract tradition is utilitarianism utilitarianism takes persons’ moral status to be grounded on their capacity for well-being and suffering, and takes well-being to be the sole moral value. Even in utilitarian ethical calculations, forcing ford to make costly payments to victim's families makes acting as ford did in the pinto case 'wrong' even in terms of corporate profitability analysis as the company is potentially harming the profit margins of shareholders as well as unwitting drivers. In rawls’ theory, however, the social contract is replaced by a concept of an original position which allows for an original agreement on the principles of justice rawls contrasts this with the classical utilitarian view (p3.

Using kantianism utilitarianism and social contract theory to analyse a case of a woman saving her n

Deontology (or deontological ethics) is the branch of ethics in which people define what is morally right or wrong by the actions themselves, rather than referring to the consequences of those actions, or the character of the person who performs them the word deontology comes from the greek roots deon, which means duty, and logos, which means science. This is a nifty bit of face-saving, but, again, isn’t the real intention of the doctors in the abortion case to save the woman’s life and thus the abortion is secondary to the life-saving, and should be morally acceptable. Individualism (friedman's economic theory), utilitarianism, kantianism, and virtue theory analyses of business controversies thursday, april 19, 2018 when analyzing a case from a utilitarian stand point one must look at all the consequences of the action whether they be good or bad the utilitarianism theory of business ethics involves.

  • Jeremy bentham (/ ˈ b ɛ n θ ə m / 15 february 1748 [os 4 february 1747] – 6 june 1832) was an english philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
  • In effect, using the utilitarian perspective, the ethical thing to do when put in janice's position is to offer john a raise and promotion in order to benefit from his essential input, the program he created, which she will be using as her own work/creation.
  • Kantian analysis to run this case through the ci procedure, we first need to identify martha's maxim to do this, we look at the description of the situation and see if we can determine which sort of principle martha would sincerely formulate as justification of her action.

Even if people have not sat down in the state of nature to agree to a social contract as a basis for a society, the balance of rights and obligations can be understood in terms of a contract the rights and obligations are both for the good of the people. For singer, whether institutionalized exploitation would be abolished or modified, and if the latter, in what ways, would be open to question on a case-by-case basis, because singer, as an act utilitarian, is committed to applying the principle of utility on a case-by-case basis. Just as macintyre's analysis of moral inquiry led to the renewal of virtue theory, so mittleman presents us with a compelling account of the civic virtue of hope first bequeathed to the nations by jewish biblical culture, and in dire need of renewal in our culture of civic apathy. In the social contract theory an individual’s action is bound only by his or her conscience each of the individual groups of men did a singular act to help because of the implied obligation by our social contract, although none of them went the whole way and saved the man’s life.

Using kantianism utilitarianism and social contract theory to analyse a case of a woman saving her n
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